Control and Treatment Groups:

A control group is used as a baseline measure. The control group is identical to all other items or subjects that you are examining with the exception that it does not receive the treatment or the experimental manipulation that the treatment group receives. For example, when examining test tubes for catalytic reactions of enzymes when added to a specific substrate, the control test tube would be identical to all other test tubes with the exception of lacking the enzyme. The treatment group is the item or subject that is manipulated. In our example, all other test tubes containing enzyme would be part of the treatment group.